Bill James had this answer:
Bill is right if he's saying one thing, wrong if he's saying another. The "one thing" is, if he's talking about his long fight with baseball people, with drug companies and with politicians (I'm looking at you, 538.com) who "do studies" to prove themselves right about things. 538.com in particular does almost nothing else (though I enjoy their roundtables). Feel free to stick up for 538.com if y'like, amigo. :- )
But if he's saying "another" thing ... in Science, the process of setting a "hypothesis" like --- > "is speed in the outfield more valuable here than in other parks?" that first hypothesis should be one you think has a good chance of being right. Your 1st hypothesis should not be "are there sprites under mushrooms. It is a guess, and it should be your BEST guess as to what might be true.
It's because of this understanding -- that your hypothesis should be neutral -- that Occam's Razor gets so misunderstood. That's the one that says of two explanations, the simpler is more likely to be true. People go, "UFO's have visited and helped with Stonehenge? Or Britain had an early Einstein who figured some things out! Occam's Razor! Occam's Razor! UFO's don't exi--is--st!" (Personally I don't believe they do.)
Actually Occam's Razor helps you only to FIND A HYPOTHESIS. It is then that the Scientific Method BEGINS, that the process of inquiry, investigation and testing must start. We don't get to set a better hypothesis and then say, "DONE!"
You'd be surprised how much this single light bulb helps your whole life. MOST scientists do not comprehend the previous. And by "most" I mean 90-95% of people with Ph.D's or M.D.'s in hard sciences don't get that.
What's the simpler explanation -- that N'Kisi the talking parrot possesses ESP, or that some kind of fraud exists. DOESN'T MATTER! It's on us to investigate, to begin science and to inquire. (N'Kisi does apparently possess ESP.)
I've got a hypothesis that Seattle 2018's "Merry Band of Adventurers" has chemistry that helps them on the field. It's my best guess, but it's too complex a system to study.